The Four Master Tropes –

Prof Gary Lilienthal introduces his presentation which he will deliver on 27 January 2022 in the Albert Hall, Canberra, during the conference entitled ‘Decolonisation and the sovereign right to self-determination: Where to from here?’ hosted by the Sovereign Union of…

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Prof Gary Lilienthal introduces his presentation which he will deliver on 27 January 2022 in the Albert Hall, Canberra, during the conference entitled ‘Decolonisation and the sovereign right to self-determination: Where to from here?’ hosted by the Sovereign Union of First Nations and Peoples in Australia and convened by Ghillar, Michael Anderson.

Excerpt: The Four Master Tropes

I am aware that many people have counselled the children to lift up their words and find the meanings underneath. This is especially required when we are assaulted by professional propagandists in the corporate media, using rhetoric against us.

Rhetoric is the art of using language either to persuade or to influence others. It is the body of rules a speaker or writer had to follow for expression with maximal eloquence. This meant rhetoric was, on the one hand, the ability to create an event, and, on the other hand, a mandatory code requiring obedience.

A trope is the conversion of a word or phrase, from its proper meaning to another, in order to increase its force. The word “trope” derives from the Greek tropos, meaning “turn”. Thus, a trope turns the sound of a word from one meaning to another. This happens all the time between languages. For example, the English word “chew” sounds like the Chinese word “chi”, which means “eat”.

Definitions
Metaphor: a trope in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not really applicable; Care and protection = genocide through child removal from the group; We don’t own the land, the land owns us = dispossession; Deaths in Custody = state sanctioned killings; Little children are Sacred – yes – but the report was used as the basis of the NT Intervention; Laughter is the best medicine; She is just a late bloomer; Is there a black sheep in your family?; His heart of stone surprised me; I smell success in this building; He’s buried in a sea of paperwork; There is a heavy weight on my shoulder; Time is money.

Metonymy: a trope substituting the name of an attribute for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the turf for horse racing.
Crown. (For the attribute of power of a king.)
The White House. (Referring to the attribute of American administration.); Dish. (To refer the food arrangement on an entire plate of food.); The Pentagon. (For the American Department of Defense and the offices of the U.S. Armed Forces.) We also see this in ancient Egypt, where Egyptian gods were actually the names of government departments.
Pen. (For written persuasion); Sword – (For military force.); Hollywood. (For the physical site of movie studios in Los Angeles); Hand. (for someone’s action)

Synecdoche: a trope in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in Australia lost by six wickets (meaning ‘the Australian cricket team’); Boots on the ground—describes soldiers; New wheels—describes a new car; Ask for her hand—describes the asking of a woman to marry; Suits—describes business people; Plastic—describes credit cards; Canberra—describes statements made by officials within the Australian government; Irony: the expression of meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for emphatic effect; Land improvement = land clearing which leads to scorched earth policy, ecocide and monoculture; Sustainable diversion limits – water theft by irrigators; Bringing Them Home – Home is into the colonial system; Uluru Statement now Statement from the Heart – leads to assimilation and disempowerment; A fire station burns down.; A marriage counsellor files for divorce; The police station gets robbed; A post on Facebook complains about how useless Facebook is; A traffic cop gets his license suspended because of unpaid parking tickets; A pilot has a fear of heights.

I look forward to explaining this process and demonstrating how it works by deceptively thwarting the natural powers of reasoning inherent in all people.

(c) G.I.Lilienthal, 5 December 2021

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